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  • Documentation

    Advanced Concepts

    SimScale allows its users to model advanced flow characteristics, like momentum sources or porous media, which would otherwise require sophisticated geometries or large meshes leading to expensive simulations. This modeling can be done using the Advanced concepts feature in the simulation tree:

    simulation tree advanced concepts workbench
    Figure 1: Accessing the Advanced concepts feature inside the SimScale workbench

    The options available for modeling depend on the chosen analysis type —a general description of all advanced concepts can be found below. For a list of advanced concepts available for each analysis type, please check table 1 of this documentation page.

    • Rotating Zones
      Rotating zones can be used to model rotating systems such as turbines, fans, ventilators, and similar systems. Two types are available: MRF (Multiple Reference Frame) and AMI (Arbitrary Mesh Interface).
    • Solid Body Motions
      Solid body motions can model the effect of the movement of the solid body sitting inside the fluid domain. This includes linear, rotating, and oscillating motions. Another option available within this result control is Ship design analysis.
    • Porous Media
      With this option, a volume within the simulation domain can be modeled as a porous medium avoiding the need for a porous geometry and subsequently a fine mesh.
    • Power Sources
      To model the heat generation from a volume it can be defined as a power source. Power sources can be assigned as either an absolute or a specific value.
    • Momentum Sources
      Momentum sources can be used to simulate fans, ventilators, and other similar devices without having to model the exact geometry and motion of the device. Two options are available within momentum sources: Average velocity and Fan model.
    • Passive Scalar Sources
      Passive scalar sources can be used to simulate the propagation of species like smoke from a burning car in a garage or the diffusion of dust or pollutants in a tunnel. This is only valid if these species get transported with the fluid without having any effect on the flow physics.
    • Thermal Resistance Networks
      It can be used to approximate the effect of heat sources and heat transfer from that source to the surrounding domain without explicitly having to resolve the source geometry itself.

    Advanced Concepts Availability

    The table below contains an overview of which advanced concepts are available for each CFD analysis type:

    Analysis TypeAvailable Advanced Concepts
    IncompressibleMomentum source, passive scalar source, porous media, rotating zone, and solid body motion (only if transient)
    SubsonicRotating zone
    CompressiblePorous media, rotating zone
    Convective heat transferMomentum source, passive scalar source, porous media, power source, and rotating zone
    Conjugate heat transferMomentum source, power source, rotating zone, and thermal resistance network
    Conjugate heat transfer v2.0Momentum source, passive scalar source, porous media, power source, and thermal resistance network
    Immersed BoundaryMomentum source, porous media, power source
    MultiphaseRotating zone, solid body motion
    Table 1: Overview of the available advanced concepts per analysis type

    For Pedestrian Wind Comfort and Incompressible (LBM) analysis types, this feature is addressed as Advanced modelling.

    Last updated: July 1st, 2022

    What's Next

    part of: Advanced Concepts

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