Documentation

Multi-Phase Flow: Rising Bubble

Overview

The aim of this test case is to validate the following parameters of laminar transient multi-phase flow with a pre-referenced case [1]:

  • Bubble vertical velocity
  • Bubble center of mass
  • Bubble profile

The mesh was created locally using the blockMesh tool and then imported on to the SimScale platform.

Import validation project into workspace

Geometry

The domain of interest is a 2-dimensional rectangular space 2 m

2 m

 high and 1 m

1 m

 wide as shown in Fig.1.

Fig.1. Geometry used in the study

Analysis type and Domain

A uniformly-spaced hexahedral mesh was generated using the blockMesh tool (see Fig.2.). In order to keep the flow two-dimensional, the mesh was designed to have only one layer in the y

y

 direction.

Tool Type : OPENFOAM®

Analysis Type : Multi-phase (Laminar)

Mesh and Element types :

Table 1: Mesh Metrics
Mesh type Cells in x Cells in y Cells in z Number of nodes Type
snappyHexMesh 120 240 1 28800 2D hex
Fig.2. Mesh used for the SimScale case

Simulation Setup

Fluids:

The domain is filled with fluid f1

f1

 (see Table 2). A bubble of fluid f2

f2

 with diameter 0.5 m

0.5 m

 is placed at t=0

t=0

 in the domain at a height of 0.5 m

0.5 m

 (with bubble center as reference) on the central vertical line. Two cases are then simulatedwith different fluid properties as per [1]. Gravity was assumed to be 0.98 ms2

0.98 ms2

 in the negative y

y

 direction.

Table 2: Fluid Properties for two cases
Case rho1

rho1

 

rho2

rho2

 

mu1

mu1

 

mu2

mu2

 

sigma

sigma

 

Case 1 1000

1000

 

100

100

 

10

10

 

1

1

 

24.5

24.5

 

Case 2 1000

1000

 

1

1

 

10

10

 

0.1

0.1

 

1.96

1.96

 

Boundary Conditions:

Table 3: Boundary Conditions for multi-phase flow simulation
Parameter Top and Bottom (A,B) Left and Right (C,D) Front and Back (E,F)
Velocity 0.0 ms1

0.0 ms1

 

Slip Empty
Pressure Fixed Flux Pressure (0)

(0)

 

Fixed Flux Pressure (0)

(0)

 

Empty
Phase Fraction Zero Gradient Zero Gradient Empty

Results

A comparison of the bubble profiles for the two cases with the referenced case solutions is given in Fig.3. below.

 

 

Fig.3. Visualization of Bubble Profiles and comparison with reference for case 1 (left) and case 2 (right)

Shown in Fig.4. are graphs for the development of bubble center of mass and bubble velocity over time compared with referenced results.

 

 

Fig.4. Development of bubble center of mass and bubble velocity over time compared with referenced results.

References

[1] (12) FeatFlow Benchmark Suite: Rising Bubble

Disclaimer

This offering is not approved or endorsed by OpenCFD Limited, producer and distributor of the OpenFOAM software and owner of the OPENFOAM® and OpenCFD® trade marks. OPENFOAM® is a registered trade mark of OpenCFD Limited, producer and distributor of the OpenFOAM software.

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