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SolidTrust significantly reduced noise and improved working conditions for its car muffler design with SimScale.

simulation hardware cost was reduced by 40k

Saved in hardware costs

75% reduction in device pressure drop was confirmed by simulation

Reduction in pressure drop

44% decrease in maximum flow velocity was confirmed by simulation

Decrease in maximum velocity

Solidtrust logo

The Challenge

Car Muffler Design Optimization

One of the projects of SolidTrust was the optimization of a car muffler design’s performance, which is determined by three main factors:

  1. dissipation of air arriving from the engine
  2. exhaust air removal, power maintenance
  3. engine performance
CFD Simulation of the Car Muffler with SimScale
CFD Simulation of the Car Muffler with SimScale

At the same time, the design of a muffler also influences the amount of noise generated by the gas exhaust. SolidTrust carried out CFD simulations with SimScale to test and analyze the flow patterns within different proposed designs of the muffler, as well as to measure the pressure resistance of the device.

Being a cloud-based platform, SimScale helped us run more simulations and consequently iterate more design changes, compared to traditional on-premises CAE solutions. The ease of login and work in a web browser further adds to the most interesting part of SimScale, which allows us to work anywhere and anytime.

portrait picture of Maniskar V.

Manisankar V.

Head of Technology at SolidTrust

How they solved it with SimScale

Airflow Analysis of the Muffler Design

For the numerical analysis of the flow, an incompressible, turbulent airflow model was chosen. The inlet conditions were kept at engine operating conditions of 28mps. The obtained data were analyzed with the aim of acquiring pressure drop from inlet to outlet, high and low air velocity areas, and overall flow patterns within the design.

A CFD analysis was performed on the original design of the manufacturer (OEM). The muffler included simple, long pipes inside 3 chambers. The results from this simulation were later used as a reference point for the improved designs.

The first proposed modification of the muffler involved the shortening of the inlet and outlet pipes. A complete redesign of the internal part of the chamber was performed, i.e., extra flow diverters were added and three rows of straight fins were introduced.

For the second version, additional channels between chambers were added and the fins were put at an angle.

CFD Analysis of the Car Muffler Design
CFD Analysis of the Car Muffler Design

The Results

Reduced Pressure Drop by 75% and Maximum Velocity by 44%

The modification of the muffler proved to significantly improve its performance. Even the first design iteration reduced the pressure drop by 50% and the maximum velocity by 38%.

The final CAD design based on the results of the simulations carried out with SimScale allowed SolidTrust’s engineers to improve pressure drop by 75% and reduce the maximum velocity by 44%.

At operating conditions, the newly developed muffler is expected to bring a significant noise reduction and better working conditions for the engine.

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