# Static¶

The analysis type **Static** allows the static and hence
time-invariant calculation of the displacements as well as the
stresses and strains in one or multiple solid bodies caused by the
applied constraints and loads, e.g. bearings, gravity, forces etc.

The results enable you to evaluate whether your component is deformed in an undesired manner or if a critical stress state occurs at some specific detail of your geometry. The other way round, you can modify your design based on the simulation results to meet given requirements and test your new construction again. You find an overview of example fields of application on the bottom of this page.

In the following the different simulation settings you have to define are described in detail as well as the various options you can add.

## Domain¶

In order to perform an analysis a given geometrical
*domain* you have to
discretize your model by creating a mesh out
of it. Details of CAD handling and Meshing are described
in the *Pre-processing* section.

After you assigned a mesh to the simulation you can add some
optional domain-related settings and have a look on the mesh details.
Please note that if you have an assembly of multiple bodies that are
not fused together, you have to add *Contacts*
if you want to build connections between those independent parts.

## Model¶

In the *model* section everything that
defines the physics of the simulation is specified e.g. material properties,
boundary conditions etc. On the top level you can adapt some generic settings.
For this analysis type you can add a graviational load for the whole domain
and define if you want to run a geometrically linear or nonlinear analysis.

### Materials¶

In order to define the material properties of the whole domain,
you have to assign exactly one material to every part.
You can choose the material behavior
describing the constitutive law that is used for the stress-strain relation and
the density of the material. Please note that the density is used for
volumetric loads e.g. gravitation. Inertia effects are only considered in
dynamic simulations (*Dynamic*).
Please see the *Materials* section for more details.

### Boundary Conditions¶

In a **Static** analysis you can define Constraints (Displacement boundary conditions)
Loads (Force boundary conditions).
Most of the time it is reasonable to establish at least one
displacement constraint in every coordinate direction in order
to determine the position or movement of the structure. Exceptions are
load based *Physical Contact*
simulations, where one part might be expected to move freely due to a
given load pattern.

In case of missing force boundary conditions (including gravitation), the geometry becomes load-free and apart from the prescribed displacement boundary conditions (constraints) no deformation will evolve. However, this might be intended to determine the strain distribution e.g. in pre-clamped structural components.

Constraint types (Displacement boundary conditions)

Load types (Force boundary conditions)

### Physical Contact¶

In the *Physical Contacts* section you
can define contact pairs of surfaces. For those faces the distance between each other
is tested during a nonlinear calculation and if they get in
touch the interaction forces that prevent those faces from interpenetrating are
taken into account. The solution method used to resolve the contact interaction
is the penalty contact method.

## Numerics¶

Under numerics you can set the equation solver of your simulation. The choice highly influences the computational time and the required memory size of the simulation.

## Simulation Control¶

The Simulation Control settings define the overall process of the calculation as for example the timestepping interval and the maximum time you want your simulation to run before it is automatically cancelled.

## Solver¶

The described **Static** analysis using the finite element code CalculiX Crunchix (CCX)
is only available via the **solver perspective**.
You may as well choose the finite element package **Code_Aster** for this analysis type
(*Static analysis CA*)
using the standard **Static** analysis from the **physics perspective** or via the **solver perspective** choosing **Code_Aster** as solver.
See our *Third-party software section* for further information.